- We are short GSX because we conclude that it is a near-total fraud.
- We conclude that at least ~70% of its users are fake, and we think it’s quite likely that at least ~80% of its users are fake.
- Our conclusions are based on GSX’s own user and attendance data files (i.e., this is not from “scraping” data). We downloaded GSX’s data from more than 200 paid K-12 classes covering 54,065 unique users.
- In addition, a former GSX manager corroborated our analysis, and explained various details of GSX’s extensive bot operation.
- Based on the near total faking of users, we assume that the fraudulent portion of GSX’s revenue is at least equal to the percentage of fraudulent users, although it would not surprise us if the ASP on the real portion of GSX’s business is fraudulently inflated too.
- We conclude that GSX is a massive loss-making business. Without users, there is no revenue. We also conclude that GSX greatly understates expenses. Regardless of how one cuts it though, GSX is an almost completely empty box.
- Amazingly, Chairman Chen has found a way to make GSX shares even more dangerous for long holders – he has pledged at least $318 million of stock. Long holders of GSX face the risk that the margin lenders will be forced to aggressively sell the stock, crashing the price.
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